The following advise/tips, guidelines and rigging are
general only and will need to be adjusted to every situation as it will be
different. Wherever it's just slightly or very different, adjustments will need
to be made to any winch tips and rigging as there are too many factors
Take good note of your environment and the vehicles involved, factor
in the weight, type of recovery required, strength of anchor points (trees,
rocks and rate recovery points), the direction, other vehicle aids (lockers), what
to do after the recovery is done if other vehicles need to get past the same
situation and all the other factors which are impossible to list.
how every piece of a winch kit is used is a must!
Only once understanding & mastering general winching should you attempt the
following 4x4 winch rigging.
What is advanced
Advanced winching is directional pulls,
double line pull, triple line+ pull, winching backwards downhill and complex
winching on tight tracks involving multiple directional pulling.
additional tools required here is of course a 4x4 winch and a good winch kit
containing a snatch block or two, a tree trunk strap, extension strap, multiple
anchor points and multiple recovery points! Without these not all advanced winching
is safely possible.
Follow this link for General 4x4 winching, rigging and tips.
Some situations will require a directional winch pull, it
could be due to many things, just to name a few reasons; avoiding a rut which
is too deep, too close to an edge, the 4x4 is pointing in the wrong direction
(happens very easily when tackling mud or on slippery hill climbs) or saving
equipment wear and time by taking the path of less resistance.
A self recovery directional pull straight off the 4x4 winch to an anchor point
is easily achieved if the direction of the angle is not too sharp and remember
to turn the front wheels in the same direction.
If recovering another vehicle and an angle of 30 degrees or more is required,
the stuck vehicle best have multiple recovery points (one on each side on both
front and rear) to prevent vehicle damage from happening and will lessen the
force required to recover the vehicle.
If needing to winch a vehicle forward on
a 45 degree angle from the driver side but the only recovery point is on the
passenger side it's really not possible in some situations, imagine the
stranded vehicle is stuck on an angle leaning towards the driver side and a
winch gets hooked to the only recovery point on the passenger side, it would
risk pulling the stuck vehicle onto its side or even onto its roof!
Having multiple recovery points will help a lot!
See diagram below
4x4 Winch Double line pull:
Self recovery Double line 4x4 winch pull is when the winch
rope is pulled out, put through a snatch block (snatch block is attached to an
anchor point) and then pulled back/ "doubled back" to the vehicle and
hooked up to a front recovery point so that the rope is now attached to the
same vehicle twice (Attached by the winch and recovery point at the same time).
The 4x4 winch now almost doubles in pulling power!
A single line pull with a 4x4 winch is a fast and direct method when compared
to a double line pull and if the winch is rated at 9000lbs of pulling this will
be the maximum load limit.
If pulling close to the maximum limit (say 4x4 stuck
in mud 8000lbs load due to sticky mud) the winch will be worked hard, also the
more load the slower it will pull.
Take the same situation but with a double line pull; the vehicle weight
combined with the sticky mud 8000lbs which is very close to the 9000lbs working
Rigging up a double line pull will almost double the pulling
strength to just less than 18000lbs causing the winch to pull with ease
dramatically reducing wear to the 4x4 winch.
Double line pull does mean twice
the rope so there is more rope to be pulled in meaning it takes twice as long
to winch the rope, however in the event of a single line pull close to the
winches load limit a double line will still beat a single line pull in time as
the winch will be very slow pulling in due to being near its maximum limit.
Winch Kit equipment used: Winch, Snatch
block, Front/rear recovery points, possibly an extension strap, tree trunk
protector/strap and multiple D shackles.
See diagram below
Recovering another vehicle using the double line pull is also
possible; this would require the disabled vehicle to have two recovery points
on the front or the rear of the vehicle in order to do safely.
To rig this up
the end of a bridle strap or tree trunk protector is attached at each recovery
points to even the load.
A winch block is then attached to the bridal/tree
trunk strap which the winch rope from the recovering 4x4 is pull through and
then doubling the winch rope back to the winching 4x4 (recovery 4x4), just like
the standard double line pull. Only this time the instead of a tree at the
snatch block end it’s the disabled vehicle requiring recovery.
the method of double line pull the winching vehicle will more than likely need
a vehicle or anchor point behind it to stop it from being pulled towards the
See diagram below
A double line pull is used mainly for the following reasons:
To reduce the stress on the 4x4 winch
To enable the winch to pull nearly twice its working load
Triple line pull +:
Much like the double line pull only so much force is
required a triple line pull is the only option also combining winch kits
(Hopfully your mate has a full winch kit too)!
This type of winch recovery
would rarely be required. To rig up the triple line pull will require 2 snatch
blocks one on the tree and one on the front of the vehicle attached to 1 or
sharing 2 front recovery points, 2 strong anchor points (2 tree trunk straps
around the same tree or one on two trees near each other.
Winch Kit equipment
used: Winch, 2 Snatch blocks, Front/rear recovery points, possibly an
extension strap, 2 tree trunk protector/strap and multiple D shackles.
See diagram below